SDG Indicators for municipalities
In 2015 the United Nations set international Sustainable Development Goals in its 2030 Agenda. The SDGs are relevant not only at national and regional level, but also at local level.
The objective of the project “SDG Indicators for municipalities” is to identify suitable indicators to depict the implementation of SDGs at municipal level in Germany and provide corresponding data.
Among the indicators which are suitable for identification are the collection, evaluation and selection of indicators for the SDG sub-targets and intermediate targets that are generally relevant at municipal level in Germany.
Data is provided for all towns and municipalities with a population of more than 5,000 and for all counties (Landkreise).
The methodological procedure for developing and providing SDG Indicators for municipalities can be roughly divided into three phases: checking the relevancy of SDGs (phase I), evaluating and describing the indicators (phase II) and the collection and analysis of indicator parameters (phase III).
Phase I comprises three stages: in the first stage, the sub-targets were sub-divided into individual statements (intermediate targets) where necessary. In the second stage, the question of whether the respective individual target addresses a major problem for German municipalities (problem check) was assessed. In the third stage, the question of whether municipal tasks could help to contribute to the achievement of the respective individual sub-target or intermediate target (task check) was examined.
Phase II consisted of four stages: in stage one, selected indicator catalogues and databases were used in order to assign the indicators they contained to the sub-targets or intermediate targets that were classed as relevant. In the second stage, all indicators were checked for validity, data availability, data quality and function, which allowed a better assessment of the overall quality of the indicators. In the third stage, particularly suitable parameters were selected for the SDG Indicators catalogue. In stage four, info profiles gave detailed descriptions of the selected indicators.
The subject of Phase III was the collection and analysis of indicator parameters. As far as possible, data collection extended to all towns and municipalities with a population of more than 5,000 and to all counties (Landkreise). The purpose of data analyses was to arrive at a better understanding of the interrelations between Type I Indicators.
A working group was formed and discussion events held to organize the project “SDG Indicators for municipalities“. In addition, the interim results were discussed in the Advisory Committee of the Bertelsmann Stiftung project “2030 Agenda – Sustainable Local Development”.
The members of the working group “SDG Indicators for municipalities” are Bertelsmann Stiftung, the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR), the Association of German Counties (DLT), the Association of German Cities (DST), the German Association of Towns and Municipalities (DStGB), the German Institute of Urban Studies (Difu), ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability and the German section of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR).
Among the target groups of the discussion events were the municipalities that had signed the model resolution of the DST and the CEMR on the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, the model municipalities in the projects “Global Sustainable Municipalities” of Engagement Global with its Service Agency Communities in One World (SKEW), and the towns and counties involved in the Bertelsmann Stiftung’s project “Monitor Sustainable Municipality“ and the follow-up project “2030 Agenda – Sustainable Local Development”.
The members of the project Advisory Committee include representatives of the towns and counties involved in the Bertelsmann Stiftung project (currently the City of Arnsberg, the City of Freiburg im Breisgau, the City of Eltville am Rhein, the City of Geestland, the City of Münster, Bad-Württemberg state capital Stuttgart and the counties Cochem-Zell and Lippe), representatives of the municipal umbrella organisations, the German Institute of Urban Studies (Difu), the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR), the Service Agency Communities in One World (SKEW) of Engagement Global, the German Council for Sustainable Development (RNE), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia’s sustainability working group LAG Agenda 21 NRW e.V., ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, and other experts.